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Mediterranean Studies 8 (1999)



1. Luis A. García Moreno, Atlantic Seafaring and the Iberian Peninsula in Antiquity

2. Stephen Loughlin, A Seeming Incompatibility between Augustine’s Definitions of the Emotions in De Civitate Dei

3. Leslie S.B. MacCoull, Notes on Fulgentius

4. Joan Dusa, Social Stratification, Urban Women, and Land Tenure in Medieval Dalmatia and Croatia

5. Donald J. Kagay, Princeps namque: Defense of the Crown and the Birth of the Catalan State

6. Glenn W. Olsen, On the Frontiers of Eroticism: The Romanesque Monastery of San Pedro de Cervatos

7. James F. Powers, The Evolution of Portuguese Municipal Military Policy During the High Middle Ages

8. Clara Estow, The Politics of Gold in Fourteenth Century Castile

9. Lorraine Attreed, Friends in Need or in Deed? Anglo-Portuguese Relations in the Fifteenth Century

10. W. Keith Percival, A Portuguese Humanist’s Critique of Erasmus’s Praise of Folly: The Antimoria of Aires Barbosa (1536)

11. Marilyn S. Clark, The Community of Italian Building Masons in Prague, 1535-1720

12. Christopher Hodgkins, Uses of Atrocity: Satanic Spaniards and Hispanic Satans from Las Casas to Milton

13. Beatriz Helena Domingues, Tradition and Modernity in Sixteenth and Seventeenth Century Iberia and the Iberian American Colonies

14. Kristin Bervig Valentine and Eugene Valentine, Theatre in the Streets: Carnaval in Spanish Galicia

About the Contributors:

Lorraine Attreed is Associate Professor of History at the College of the Holy Cross in Worcester, Massachusetts. Her book, The York House Books 1461–1490 (1991), edits and examines the legal and constitutional history of one of England's leading provincial cities. She has published articles in the journals Speculum, The Journal of British History, and Mediaeval Studies, in the fields of social and urban history of the Later Middle Ages. She is completing a book, The King's Towns: Royal Relations with Provincial Boroughs in Late Medieval England. Her particular interest is the legal and social development of English provincial towns through their relations with external bodies such as the royal government. Professor Attreed has received fellowships from the Krupp Foundation, the American Bar Foundation, and the National Endowment for the Humanities, and has been elected a Fellow of the Royal Historical Society, London.

Marilyn S. Clark is reference librarian emerita, University of Kansas, where she had a variety of library positions from 1965 to 1993. She is co–editor of the series Detroit Studies in Music Bibliography, published by Harmonie Park Press, Warren, Michigan. She is completing a book, Czech Baroque Culture, 1620–1740: A Survey.

Beatriz Helena Domingues is a full professor at the Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Brazil, teaching graduate and undergraduate courses in the departments of History and Religious Studies. She is also a visiting professor at Colorado College, teaching courses on the origins of modern science and on the history of Latin American political thought. She has published a book and several articles in her principal area of interest: sixteenth– and seventeenth–century intellectual history in Iberia and the Iberian–American countries, focusing on the work of the Jesuits and their relation with modern science and philosophy.

Joan Dusa is an independent scholar living in Los Angeles. She published The Medieval Dalmatian Cities: Development and Transformation in 1991 and is currently working on a book about Angevin feudalism in the Hungarian empire of the fourteenth century.

Clara Estow is Professor of Hispanic Studies at the University of Massachusetts at Boston. She is the author of The Reign of Pedro I of Castile (1995). Her research interests revolve around the history of Castilian thought and institutions in the late medieval period, topics on which she has written extensively. Currently, she is working on a book examining the role of gold in medieval peninsular history.

Christopher Hodgkins is Associate Professor and Director of Undergraduate Studies in English at the University of North Carolina–Greensboro, and works in the literature of the English Renaissance; he has interdisciplinary interests in the rhetoric of religion, politics, and empire. He is the author of Authority, Church, and Society in George Herbert: Return to the Middle Way (1993) and of numerous articles. Presently he is completing a wide–ranging study, Reforming Empire: The Protestant Imagination, Colonialism, and Conscience in British Literature, 1500–1950. He has received summer grants for this project from the National Endowment for the Humanities and the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, and in 1998–99 a year–long grant from the Pew Charitable Trusts.

Donald J. Kagay is Associate Professor of History at Albany State University in Georgia. He is the author of The Usatges of Barcelona: The Fundamental Law of Catalonia.(1994); and joint editor of Medieval Iberia: Essays in the History and Literature of Spain (1996), Medieval Spain and the Western Mediterranean: A Volume in Honor of Robert I Burns, S.J. (1996), The Final Argument: The Imprint of Violence in Medieval and Early Modern Europe (1998), On the Social Origins of Medieval Institutions: Essays in Honor of Joseph F O'Callaghan (1998), and The Circle of War: Essays on Medieval Military and Naval History (1999). He was named Research Professor of the Year at Albany State University in 1997.

Stephen Loughlin is an assistant professor of philosophy at Allentown College of St. Francis de Sales. His current research is centered on various psychological aspects of medieval theories of emotion, particularly those of Augustine and Aquinas, as well as their application to modern psychotherapeutic models. He is also the coordinator of the Aquinas Translation Project, a web–based collective of many scholars who seek to make works of Aquinas, previously not translated into english, available for the general public. The project's main page is at

Leslie S.B. MacCoull is Senior Research Scholar of the Society for Coptic Archaeology (North America) and Adjunct at the Arizona Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies at Arizona State University. Her works include Dioscorus of Aphrodito: His Work and his World (Berkeley, 1988), Coptic Perspectives on Late Antiquity (London, 1993), (ed.) Studies in the Christian East in Memory of Mirrit Boutros Ghali (Washington, 1995), and numerous contributions to papyrological journals. She is currently working on the Coptic background to John Philoponus’ theological works and on the oral–formulaic aspects of Coptic hymnography. She has received fellowships from Dumbarton Oaks, the American Research Center in Egypt, and the National Endowment for the Humanities.

Luis A. García Moreno is Professor of History at the University of Alcalá in Spain. He is the author of numerous articles and books on voyages and geography in the Ancient World.

Glenn W. Olsen is Professor of History in the University of Utah, Salt Lake City. He has published widely in medieval legal, intellectual, and Church history in such journals as Traditio, Studia Gratiana, Explorations in Economic History, The Catholic Historical Review, the Journal of Ecclesiastical History, Studi Medievali, and Church History. He has recently completed editing a history of Christian marriage, of which he wrote the patristic and medieval chapters, and is currently working on a history of medieval sodomy. Among the grants he has received are a Fulbright Grant to Italy, American Council of Learned Societies and National Endowment for the Humanities Grants, and a Trinity College Barbieri Grant in Italian History. In 1996 he was honored with the University of Utah Distinguished Teaching Award, and in 1999 he received the University of Utah Distinguished Honors Professor Award.

W. Keith Percival is Professor Emeritus of Linguistics at the University of Kansas. He also taught at Brandeis University, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee. His main research interest in recent years has been in the development of grammatical writing during the Italian Renaissance, on which he has published a number of seminal articles. He has also written extensively on other periods in the history of Western linguistics. He was elected a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1991.

James F. Powers is Professor of History at the College of the Holy Cross in Worcester, Massachusetts. His book, A Society Organized for War: The Iberian Municipal Militias in the Central Middle Ages, 1000–1284, published by the University of California Press in 1988, was the winner of the Best Book Prize, Society for Spanish and Portuguese Historical Studies, 1988–90, awarded in April, 1992. He has written numerous articles in the American Historical Review, American Historical Association Perspectives, Speculum, Classical Folia, Traditio, Military Affairs, and in a number of editions of collected essays, including a biography of Claudio Sánchez–Albornoz. His areas of interest center on Iberian towns, military history, Luso–Hispanic law, and the artistic depiction of warfare. He has a translation of the Code of Cuenca into English in press. He has been awarded two National Endowment for the Humanities Travel to Collections Grants, and two postdoctoral research grants to Spain sponsored by the United States–Spanish Joint Committee for Cultural and Educational Cooperation. Most recently, he was chosen as a Member of the Institute of Advanced Studies at Princeton, New Jersey for the Spring and Summer of 1998, to study the militarization of Western Christianity during the High Middle Ages.

Kristin Bervig Valentine is Professor of Communication and Women’s Studies at Arizona State University, where she teaches performance studies and oral traditions. Eugene Valentine teaches theoretical and applied linguistics at Arizona State University. Together they have been actively researching Galician oral traditions since 1978. Their research is informed by ethnographically sensitive participant–observation fieldwork conducted in Spain in 1982–83, 1989–90, and 1992. During their fieldwork, they lived and worked in the cities of Santiago de Compostela and La Coruña, attending cultural festivals throughout Galicia and conducting in–depth audio and video interviews with more than fifty women and men about oral traditions, folklore, legends, and other culturally based stories. In addition to providing chapters to various books dealing with oral traditions, they have contributed articles to Europea, Southern Folklore, and the Encyclopedia of World Cultures.