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Mediterranean Studies 9 (2000)



1. David Abulafia, Sir Steven Runciman (1903-2000): A Memoir

2. Francisco Bethencourt, The Longevity of the Portuguese Empire: Problems and Hypotheses

3. Fátima Regina Fernandes, Nobles and the Crown on the Eve of Portugal's Atlantic Discoveries

4. Eric Dursteler, Reverberations of the Voyages of Discovery in Venice, ca. 1501: The Trevisan Manuscript in the Library of Congress

5. Lorraine Attreed, Henry VII and the "New-Found Island": England's Atlantic Exploration, Mediterranean Diplomacy, and the Challenge of Frontier Sexuality

6. Jaime Gómez de Caso Zuriaga, Spanish Historians of the 16th Century and the Prediscoveries of America

7. Paul S. Vickery, Bartolomé De Las Casas: Prophet of the New World

8. John de Oliveira e Silva, Reinventing the Nation: Luís de Camões' Epic Burden

9. Joseph Hall, Confederacy Formation on the Fringes of Spanish Florida

10. Timothy Walker, The Role of Licensed Physicians and Surgeons in the Inquisition and at Court during the Reign of João V

11. Frances Luttikhuizen and Emma Martinell, The Growing Awareness of Language in the Mediterranean

12. Gener Gonzalvo i Bou, The Dissolution of Catalan Monasteries and the Fate of their Archives: The Example of Poblet

13. Liana de Girolami Cheney, The Emblematic Self-Portraits of Josefa de Ayala D'Óbidos

About the Contributors:

David Abulafia is Professor of Mediterranean History at the University of Cambridge and a Fellow of Gonville and Caius College. His research is at the moment concentrated on the late medieval western Mediterranean, and he has written a number of books about the kingdom of Sicily (The Two Italies [1977], Frederick II [1988]) and about the Crown of Aragon (A Mediterranean Emporium [1994]). His most recent major publication is The New Cambridge Medieval History, vol. 5, which he edited and which appeared in 1999. He is a Councilor and member of the Advisory Board of the Mediterranean Studies Association and a Litt.D. of Cambridge University.

Lorraine Attreed is Associate Professor of History at the College of the Holy Cross in Worcester, Massachusetts. Her book, The York House Books 1461-1490 (1991), edits and examines the legal and constitutional history of one of England's leading provincial cities. She has published articles in the journals Speculum, The Journal of British History, and Mediaeval Studies, in the fields of social and urban history of the Later Middle Ages. She is completing a book, The King's Towns: Royal Relations with Provincial Boroughs in Late Medieval England. Her particular interest is the legal and social development of English provincial towns through their relations with external bodies such as the royal government. She has received fellowships from the Krupp Foundation, the American Bar Foundation, and the National Endowment for the Humanities, and has been elected a Fellow of the Royal Historical Society, London.

Francisco Bethencourt has been the director of the Calouste Gulbenkian Cultural Center in Paris since January 1999. He is also Professor of History at the Universidade Nova de Lisboa. He was director of the National Library of Portugal (1996-1998) and visiting Professor at the Universidade de São Paulo (1993) and at Brown University (1995 and 1998). The author of numerous scholarly articles, he has published L'Inquisition à l'époque moderne:Espagne, Portugal et Italie, XVe-XIXe siècles (1995; translated and published in Portugal, Spain, and Brazil) and edited with Kirti Chaudhuri the História da Expansão Portuguesa, 5 vols. (1998-1999).

Liana De Girolami Cheney, Professor of Art History and Coordinator of Art History, Interdisciplinary and Intercollegiate Studies at University Massachusetts Lowell, is the author of Religious Architecture of Lowell, Botticelli's Neoplatonic Images, The Paintings of the Casa Vasari, Readings in Italian Mannerism, Self-Portrait by Women Painters, as well as being the co-author and editor of Piero della Francesca's Treatise on Painting, The Symbols of Vanitas in the Arts, Literature and Music, and Pre-Raphaelitism and Medievalism in the Arts. Her major articles also include studies on Giorgio Vasari as well as Mannerist and Baroque female painters, such as, Barbara Longhi, Sofonisba Anguissola, Lavinia Fontana, and Elisabetta Sirani. Her other articles focus on symbolism in Dutch, Italian and Pre-Raphaelite art. Presently, she has two books under contract on Giorgio Vasari's Emblems and Edward Burne-Jones' Mythological Paintings. She is a Councilor and member of the Advisory Board of the Mediterranean Studies Association.

Eric Dursteler recently completed his Ph.D. at Brown University. He was a Fulbright scholar in Venice in 1996-97, and was the recipient of a Gladys Krieble Delmas grant in 1997. At present he is an assistant professor in the History Department at Brigham Young University, where he specializes in late medieval and early modern Italy and the Mediterranean, with special emphasis on Veneto-Ottoman relations and questions of identity. He has published several articles, and his translation of the Trevisan Manuscript in the Library of Congress will be coming out soon from the University of the South Press.

Fátima Regina Fernandes is Associate Professor of Medieval History at the Federal University of Paraná, Curitiba, Brazil, where she teaches undergraduate and graduate courses. She is author of Comentários à legislação medieval portuguesa de Afonso III (2000), and of various articles published in international journals such as Ciências Historicas, Revista de História, and Revista da Fundacion para la Historia de España.

Jaime Gómez de Caso Zuriaga is Professor Titular in Ancient History at the University of Alcalá in Spain. He has been working on the expansion of the Punic world and its rivalry towards the Greeks and Romans. On such subjects he has published several papers and a synthesis on Hamilkar and the evolution of Carthaginian politics until his departure for Spain, Amílcar Barca y la política cartaginesa (249-237 A.C.), 1997.

Gener Gonzalvo i Bou is archivist for the regional archive of the Catalan Autonomous Government (Generalitat de Catalunya) at Tàrrega. He is the author of several books and articles, notably Les Constitutcions de Pau i Treva, the definitive edition of the Peace and Truce of God legislation in eleventh and twelfth-century Catalonia. He is currently working on a doctoral thesis for the University of Barcelona concerning the life and career of St. Oleguer, bishop of Barcelona and archbishop of Tarragona in the early twelfth century.

Joseph Hall is currently a Ph.D. candidate in history at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, where he is completing his dissertation on the development of the Creek confederacy during the seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries. He has been the recipient of the Fulbright/Institute for International Exchange Fellowship, which allowed him to spend time in Spain to conduct research in 1997-1998. In 1998, an earlier version of this essay received second place in the Jay I. Kislak Student Prize in History and Anthropology.

Frances Luttikhuizen is Lecturer in the Department of Linguistics at the University of Barcelona, Spain, where she specializes in English for Specific Academic Purposes. As a member of Professor Martinell's research team since 1997, her main research interest focuses on linguistic awareness among the early English voyagers. Together they also coordinate a seminar entitled "Encounters with Diversity" as part of the summer activities offered at the University of Barcelona each July.

Emma Martinell is Chair Professor and head of the Spanish Department of the University of Barcelona, Spain. She is the author of numerous publications on linguistic awareness and historical sociolinguistics in general. She coordinates a research project involving scholars from the main universities in Europe working on aspects of linguistic awareness among the early European voyagers. Her main interest is in the early Spanish voyagers.

John de Oliveira e Silva is a professor of English at CUNY, LaGuardia. He has been the recipient of six research awards over the past decade (two from the National Endowment for the Humanities and four from the Research Foundation of PSC-CUNY). His scholarly articles, reflecting his interests in rhetorical norms and structures and allegorical poetics in renaissance literature; patronage, self-promotion, and the renaissance poet; the epic tradition; and the pastoral romance, have appeared in such journals as Renaissance Quarterly, Studies in Philology, Comparative Literature, The Shakespeare Newsletter, The Bulletin of Hispanic Studies, Literary Onomastic Studies, and Portuguese Studies. He is currently a member of the Renaissance Society of America, the Mediterranean Studies Association, and NEMLA.

Paul S. Vickery is currently Associate Professor of History at Oral Roberts University, Tulsa. He has written several articles for the Oklahoma Humanities Council in conjunction with portraying historical characters, including Las Casas, for public schools and Chautauqua events across the country. He has a book in process, The Prophetic Call and Message of Bartolome de las Casas, for Paulist Press, and has an article concerning the ethics of Las Casas accepted for publication by Hispania Sacra (Madrid). He is also working on a book concerning the first Methodist Bishop in America, Frances Asbury.

Timothy Walker currently teaches early modern European and colonial American history at Boston University's Metropolitan College. Since 1994, Walker has been an annual guest professor in the American Studies MA Program at Lisbon's Universidade Aberta. During 1996-97, he held a Fulbright doctoral research grant in Portugal; he has also been the recipient of research and support grants from the Instituto Camões and the Luso-American Development Foundation. Through the American Institute for Indian Studies, he has been awarded a Professional Development Grant from the NEH for a post-doctorate research project in Goa, India.